Water is the essential resource for all life on Earth. If a water source is polluted due to pollution, it can lead to health problems in humans, such as cancer or cardiovascular diseases. Now, let’s Topzsmart.com read below post to see more: the effects do water pollution has on human health, and what people can do to help prevent it.
Provide drinking water
Polluting the sources we source our drinking water supplies over the centuries means 2.1 billion people – just over a quarter of the world’s population – do not have access to safe drinking water. In fact, despite the great progress in innovative online water quality monitoring in drinking water networks, even prosperous countries may experience poor drinking water. In 2014, the town of Flint in Michigan, USA, saw the danger of lead entering its supplies, meaning that more than 100,000 people were exposed and at least 12 died.
Food chain disruption
Micro-contamination of a large water body like the Pacific may seem insignificant, but microplastics, chemicals, heavy metals, and other pollutants can be ingested and interfered with by microorganisms. their internal organs. They will then be consumed by larger animals and hence the pollution gradually affects the food chain. At some point, contaminants can wipe a bond completely, or otherwise, reach the top of the pyramid by affecting human health.
Effects and challenges of water pollution
Water is an essential and general need of life with undeniable direct or indirect effects. All industrial, environmental, and metabolic processes are water-dependent. In vivo, water plays a number of roles such as solvents, temperature buffers, metabolites, habitat, and lubricants. However, water is believed to be polluted when certain water quality parameters are hindered due to lack of guidance and abnormalities from some human activities, thus making it unsuitable for the intended use. use.
Water pollution can seriously threaten the environment as well as life. Pollutant effects can vary depending on their type and origin. For example, while heavy metals, dyes, and some other organic contaminants have been identified as carcinogens, hormones, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, and personal care product waste are known as chemicals that disrupt the endocrine. These pollutants, which enter the waters through various channels but are mainly caused by humans, have become of great concern to environmentalists as they pose various hazards to the environment.
Human get diseases caused by viruses
Hepatitis is a viral disease caused by contaminated water and infects the liver. Jaundice, loss of appetite, fatigue, irritability, and high fever are all symptoms of hepatitis. If left for a long time, it can be dangerous to life and lead to death. Vaccination for hepatitis is available and by adopting good hygiene practices; It is possible to cure this disease. Encephalitis is an inflammatory disease spread by the bite of an infected mosquito. The Culex mosquito lays eggs in contaminated water. Most people do not have any symptoms but some symptoms are headache, high fever, muscle stiffness, convulsions, however in extreme cases leading to coma and paralysis. The effects do water pollution. There is no vaccine for this disease.
Poliomyelitis virus is the cause of polio. Sore throat, fever, nausea, constipation and diarrhea, and sometimes paralysis are symptoms of polio. There is a vaccine to prevent this disease. Gastroenteritis is caused by various viruses including rotavirus, adenovirus, calicivirus, and Norwalk virus. The symptoms of gastroenteritis are vomiting, headache, and fever. Symptoms appear 1 to 2 days after infection. Illness can be dangerous in infants, young children, and disabled people.
Diseases caused by bacteria
Untreated drinking water and water contaminated with feces are the main causes of diarrhea. Campylobacter jejuni spreads diarrhea between 4% and 15% worldwide. Fever, stomach pain, nausea, and headache are the main symptoms of diarrhea. Practicing good hygiene and taking antibiotics can prevent this disease. Cholera is caused by polluted water. Vibrio Cholerae is the cause of this disease. This bacterium produces toxins in the digestive tract. Symptoms of this disease are watery diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, and watery diarrhea leading to dehydration and kidney failure. Antimicrobial treatment is used to eliminate this disease.
Shigellosis is a bacterial disease caused by the bacteria Shigella. It affects the human digestive tract and damages the intestinal mucosa. Watery or bloody diarrhea, abdominal cramps, vomiting, and nausea are symptoms and can be treated with antibiotics and good hygiene practices. Salmonellosis is passed down through the intestinal tract. Salmonella bacteria are found in contaminated water and it leads to enteritis and, often, death. Antibiotics are prescribed for this disease.